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César Franck was a Belgian-French Romantic composer, organist, and teacher. He was born in Liège, Belgium, on December 10, 1822. He studied at the Liège Conservatory and then at the Paris Conservatoire. He began his career as a concert pianist, but he soon turned to composition. He wrote many pieces for organ, piano, chamber ensemble, and orchestra. He is best known for his Symphony in D minor, his Violin Sonata, and his choral works. He died in Paris on November 8, 1890.